Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Associations Between Obesity, Chronic Disease, Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior among Seminarians
by West, Nathan T., M.S., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2019, 52; 13865432
Abstract (Summary)

There is a high prevalence of obesity and chronic disease among Christian clergy, which may be partially attributable to insufficient physical activity (PA). The purpose of this study was to examine associations between obesity, chronic disease, physical activity (PA), and sedentary behavior among Christian clergy-in-training who intend to go into full-time ministry (i.e., seminarians). A non-probability, self-selected sample of Christian seminarians (N = 105) from seminaries in the United States completed self-report questionnaires regarding their demographics and personal health. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire – Short Form (IPAQ) was used to collect data on PA behavior and sedentary behavior. Basic frequencies and descriptive statistics were calculated for all variables. Binary logistic regression models were used to examine associations between dichotomous health outcomes and PA behavior and sedentary behavior. Commonly reported chronic diseases were high blood pressure (9.5%), high cholesterol (13.3%), type-2 diabetes (5.7%), depression (14.3%), and anxiety (17.1%). Many participants were obese (37.1%). Many of the participants perceived their health as very good/excellent (54.3%). Fifty-eight percent of participants reported meeting the current PA guidelines for adults (≥ 450 MET min/week). Meeting the PA recommendations was not associated with the likelihood of being obese. Meeting the PA recommendations was associated with an increased likelihood of perceiving health as very good/excellent and a decreased likelihood of reporting a diagnosis of depression or anxiety. Sedentary behavior was associated with a decreased likelihood of reporting a diagnosis of cancer. Much like their clergy counterparts, Christian seminarians in this study had a high prevalence of obesity and chronic disease, especially depression and anxiety. Physical activity was an important influence on the perceived health status and mental health of participants in this study. Further research is needed to elucidate temporal associations between health and PA behavior among seminarians. Researchers should identify other factors associated with the health of seminarians, especially in regards to their mental health, which could inform the development of individual- and institution-level interventions to improve their health.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Webb, Benjamin
Commitee: Cluphf, Dave, Ross-Stewart, Lindsay
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Kinesiology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 58/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Kinesiology
Publication Number: 13865432
ISBN: 978-1-392-21648-4
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