Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Committing to a Fault: Combatting Escalation of Commitment With a Mindfulness- Based Intervention
by Kleiman, Kevin J., M.A., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2019, 72; 13878093
Abstract (Summary)

Decision making is an essential and frequent aspect of an employee’s job within an organization, and great care must be taken to ensure that these decisions are based on accurate and reliable information. Failing to do so can result in a loss of money, time, effort, labor, and other resources for the organization. Persistent escalation of commitment in failing endeavors is a major concern for organizations as it affects the decision-making abilities of its employees. Previous research has found that implementing state mindfulness techniques may mitigate this tendency by increasing an individual’s ability to be attentive and aware of the present moment without considering the past or the future. The purpose of the current study was to further investigate the relationship between escalation of commitment and mindfulness, as well as how this relationship may be mediated by state anxiety. Four hypotheses were tested. Participants included 61 students from a mid-sized Midwestern university. Participant were told they would have to give a presentation regarding a sensitive issue to university staff in order to invoke anxiety. The participants were randomly divided into three conditions (mindfulness-focused breathing, rumination, or control) and asked to complete a task based on their assigned condition. State anxiety was measured before and after the intervention. All participants then completed a short decision-making task to measure escalation of commitment. An independent samples ANOVA found that the mindfulness intervention resulted in a greater decrease in state anxiety than the rumination condition. Moreover, the control condition also resulted in a greater decrease in state anxiety than the rumination condition, but there was not a significant difference between the mindfulness intervention and control condition. Other hypotheses were not supported. Opportunities for additional research and possible limitations of the study are discussed.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Daus, Catherine
Commitee: Nadler, Joel, Rosnick, Christopher
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 58/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Psychology
Publication Number: 13878093
ISBN: 978-1-392-24214-8
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