Obesity is a growing problem in the United States and is associated with many chronic diseases. Since 72% of Americans claim to be religious, 38% regularly attend church, and the Bible encourages believers to take care of their bodies; faith-based organizations are uniquely positioned to promote weight management. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of Healthy Temple, a faith-based weight management program comprised of a self-regulation checklist for daily lifestyle modifications along with weekly health education, prayer, scripture reading, and accountability groups. We used a pre-intervention/post-intervention single-group design to evaluate the effect of a three-month faith-based weight management program on anthropometrics, physical activity, and diet among a convenience sample of participants from a metro-east community of St. Louis, MO. Participants were middle class, white, and mostly female. After 13 weeks, paired-samples t-tests revealed significant decreases in body weight (3.52 kg, ± 3.26), waist circumference (5.70 cm, ± 3.53) , percent body fat (0.95, ± 1.26) and kilograms of body fat (2.37 kg, ± 2.18). There was also a significant increase in calories expended per week from total physical activity (1486.80 kcal, ± 1870.55) , and moderate-intensity physical activity (1228.96 kcal, ± 1740.37). There were also significant decreases in daily caloric intake (699.77 kcal, ± 636.83), total fat grams (33.32 g, ± 30.91), total grams of sugar (28.24 g, ± 54.66), MyPyramid Equivalents Database (MPED) of added sugars (7.34, ± 13.43), and total grams of fat (2.61 g, ± 2.69). Finally, there was also a statistically significant increase in MPEDs of dark green vegetables (0.38, ± 0.40) and fruits (0.55, ± 1.36). These results suggest that a faith-based weight management program can be effective in the improvement of weight related anthropometric measurements, calorie intake, physical activity, and diet composition. Future research should be done to investigate the efficacy of these programs among individuals of different races and socioeconomic status.
|Commitee:||Smith, Bryan, Zuercher, Jennifer|
|School:||Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville|
|School Location:||United States -- Illinois|
|Source:||MAI 58/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Public Health Education, Health sciences, Nursing|
|Keywords:||Diet, Faith-based, Lifestyle modification, Obesity, Weight loss, Weight loss maintenance|
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