Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Adaptive, Dynamic Surface / Wavefront Metrology and Analysis
by Aftab, Maham, Ph.D., The University of Arizona, 2019, 144; 13878217
Abstract (Summary)

The demand for increasingly sophisticated optics continues to grow for a wide variety of applications, such as in astronomy, industrial manufacturing, medical imaging, and commercial photography. As more advanced fabrication methods are invented, especially for high-resolution or freeform designs, the tools and techniques for optical metrology and analysis must be made more precise, efficient, and robust. This study discusses various approaches for adaptive and dynamic surface or wavefront metrology and analysis which would aid in the ability to have more advanced and innovative optics.

Three techniques for improving optical testing and analysis are discussed in this work. The first two are mathematical frameworks, applied in software codes that provide new and improved solutions to challenges arising during optical metrology, e.g., deflectometry measurements and data analysis. Both are based on polynomial basis sets, and are optimized for systems with rectangular apertures. The first is used for reconstructing surfaces or wavefronts from measured slope data and the second uses the measured data to obtain information about possible misalignments or systematic errors in metrology systems. The third is the development of a sensor for measuring wavefront slope data, which allows solutions for optical testing and analysis problems that occur from a limited dynamic range of measurements. The dynamic range of measurement is the range of wavefront slope values (largest and smallest values) that can be measured by a system. The aforementioned sensor uses the modal data fitting methodology described in this work.

Each of these topics has been researched, their main concepts tested, and software and (where applicable) hardware solutions developed for them. Simulations and real data analysis are used for verification of these tools and techniques.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Kim, Dae Wook
Commitee: Liang, Rongguang, Mahajan, Virendra N., Smith, Gregory A.
School: The University of Arizona
Department: Optical Sciences
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 80/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Engineering, Physics, Optics
Keywords: Astronomical optics, High resolution and freeform optics, Modal fitting, Optical engineering, Optical metrology, Optical testing and analysis
Publication Number: 13878217
ISBN: 978-1-392-13786-4
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