Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Contribution of Acculturative Stress to Body Dissatisfaction among Latina College Women: Testing the Moderating Effects of Ethnic Identity and Differentiation of Self
by Almonte, Julien A., Ph.D., State University of New York at Albany, 2019, 65; 13877931
Abstract (Summary)

Despite extensive research on the high prevalence of body dissatisfaction and eating disorders among white college women, minimal research has been conducted on Latina college women’s experience of body dissatisfaction. Recent research indicates that Latina college women have a high prevalence of body dissatisfaction and eating disorder pathology. The purpose of the present study was to extend this line of study by investigating the role of acculturative stress as a predictor of body dissatisfaction in Latina college women. Additionally, the study examined the potential buffering effects of ethnic identity and differentiation of self as moderators of the relation between acculturative stress and body dissatisfaction.

The sample included 309 participants who identified as Latina, were aged 18-30, and attended a college or university full- or part- time. Results indicate that acculturative stress, measured by the Societal, Attitudinal, Familial, and Environmental Acculturative Stress Scale (SAFE; Mena et al., 1987) and body mass index (BMI), were directly associated with body dissatisfaction, measured by the Eating Disorders Inventory-Body Dissatisfaction Subscale (EDI-BD; Garner et al., 1983). Although ethnic identity, measured by the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure-Revised (MEIM-R; Phinney & Ong, 2007), and differentiation of self, measured by the Differentiation of Self Inventory-Revised (DSI-R; Skowron & Schmitt, 2003), were negatively associated with body dissatisfaction, the hypothesized buffering effects of these moderators were not supported.

The results highlight the contributions of cultural and psychological factors to body dissatisfaction among Latina college women.  Suggestions are made for future research designed to identify other potential factors that might buffer the relation of acculturative stress to body dissatisfaction in this population.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Friedlander, Myrna L.
Commitee: Martin, Jessica L., Phillips, Susan D.
School: State University of New York at Albany
Department: Counseling Psychology
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: DAI-B 80/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Womens studies, Counseling Psychology, Hispanic American studies
Keywords: Body dissatisfaction, Body image, College mental health, College women, Latina women, Women's health
Publication Number: 13877931
ISBN: 978-1-392-15422-9
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