Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Leadership Power Type and Personality Traits at Work: A Quantitative Descriptive Study
by Roberson, Nathan Todd, Ph.D., Grand Canyon University, 2019, 195; 13861957
Abstract (Summary)

It was not known if, and to what extent, personality traits of leaders via the Big Five via the International Personality Item Pool – Neuroticism Extraversion Openness (IPIP-NEO) describes subordinate observed leadership power types via the Rahim Leader Power Inventory (RLPI) among leadership personnel in a behavioral therapy center in northern Utah. Trait theory provided theoretical foundation for this quantitative descriptive study. RLPI measured supervisors' subordinate observed leadership power types, while IPIP-NEO assessed supervisory Big Five scores. The study's purpose was to identify trends between the Big Five and leadership power types to assess the use of preemployment personality assessments for employment prescreening. A convenience sampling method collected data from 47 subjects, comprising 7 leader/subordinate groups. A repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) evaluated whether subordinate responses for manager groups 2 and 5 were consistent, while a Friedman's nonparametric test was used to evaluate response consistency for the remaining 5 groups. For manager groups 2 and 5, a significant effect of F(2.234, 12) = 12.553, p = .005 and F(4, 12) = 12.788, p < .001, respectively, was observed. Manager group 3 (X2(4) = 25.828, p < .001) and 4 (X2(4) = 13.519, p = .009) demonstrated statistically significant differences between individual subordinate responses. The Big Five traits of neuroticism and openness to experience were observed trending with leadership power type of expert (rs = -.775, p = .041), and reward (rs = .721, p = .068), respectively. The findings of this study contributed to existing literature concerning trait theory and leadership.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Hester, Bridgette
Commitee: LaChapelle, Peter, Stauffer, Daniel
School: Grand Canyon University
Department: Doctoral Studies
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 80/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Educational leadership, Personality psychology
Keywords: Big five, Leadership, Pre-employment assessment, Social power types
Publication Number: 13861957
ISBN: 978-1-392-14253-0
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