The ‘long nineteenth century’ (1776-1914) profoundly affected the twentieth. It was a time of marked social, political and scientific change as innovation and new knowledge challenged tradition. Political tension increasingly divided Europe and the Industrial Revolution transformed everyday life. Artists and authors reflected the growing unease.
The immediate results of the Great War were millions of dead and disabled soldiers and devastated homes and villages. Many of the longer term legacies of the time were the products of the Versailles Treaty which ended the war, including the redrawing of the boundaries of many nations and the creation of new ones without consideration for the subject populations. Losers of the war, especially Germany, deeply resented their treatment and vowed revenge which came to realization in World War II.
Due to the nature of war, military technology and medicine made great advances. Artists responded to their wartime experience by shedding traditional expectations and creating new paradigms which laid the foundation for modern art throughout the twentieth century. Authors articulated their experience as soldiers or witnesses, creating literature still read today. War devastated the economies of the combatant nations and made them particularly unstable and vulnerable in the 1929 market crash. Authoritarianism and fascism stepped in.
The 'long nineteenth century' and its catastrophic end have had a continuing impact on the world
|Advisor:||Rawson, Timothy, Pagano, Rosanne|
|School:||Alaska Pacific University|
|School Location:||United States -- Alaska|
|Source:||MAI 58/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
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