Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A Quantitative Study on Students and Educators Affects Using Tablet PCs in Calculus
by Minasian, Ashod, Ed.D., St. Thomas University, 2019, 203; 13427112
Abstract (Summary)

The growth of computer technology into industry, marketing, engineering, and science forces the education sector to focus on training the students with the most advanced technology and prepare them for the technological workplace. The STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) students graduating from universities are required to apply their knowledge to model real-world problems, and solve them mathematically. Students need to have a thorough understanding of the crucial concepts of calculus. Most of the 21st-century companies and businesses use computer technology such as Tablet PCs to interact with their customers globally. The most successful organizations have the most interactive connections with their customers. The multi-functionality and versatility of Tablet PCs in the workplace provide advantages for the users to replace their laptop computers with Tablet PCs.

The intention of this study was to investigate the influence of Tablet PCs on community college students’ computational expertise and conceptual understanding of calculus. The design of this quasi-experimental study was quantitative causal-comparative. This study investigated the significance of the differences between the mean scores of two pre-existed groups of students. These groups were separated into a technology group (treatment) using Tablet PC for learning purposes, and a traditional group (control) traditional, and non-technology method. The study employed a pre-test and post-test examination instrument to collect numerical data corresponding to each student, and used them in statistical data analysis.

The findings from a Welch’s two-sample t-test, with unequal sample sizes and unequal variances, indicated that the difference in the test scores as well as the difference in computational expertise of these two groups were not significant. This study did not provide enough evidence for the benefits of Tablet PCs to improve students’ computational expertise and students’ test scores. The study suggested further investigation with simple random samples, and a thorough training program on Tablet PC prior to the study for both the instructor and the students. The study recommended that a mixed methods study be used to investigate attitude, acceptance, and perspective of the users, as well as the numerical changes by implementing Tablet PC in Calculus courses.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Czelusniak, Vervon L.
Commitee: Gentles, Junior, Gregor, Steven
School: St. Thomas University
Department: Educational Leadership
School Location: United States -- Florida
Source: DAI-A 80/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Mathematics education, Educational leadership, Educational technology, Higher education
Keywords: Calculus, Students and educators, Tablet PCs
Publication Number: 13427112
ISBN: 9781392134931
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