Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Adolescent Depression Screening in Primary Care Practice
by Davis, Meagan Chase, D.N.P., The University of Arizona, 2019, 107; 13864970
Abstract (Summary)

Purpose: The purpose of this DNP quality improvement project was to increase primary care provider knowledge about indications for adolescent depression screening.

Background: Approximately 13.3% of adolescents experienced depression in the past year. In Oklahoma alone, rates are increasing, with depression totaling 60% of all mental health illness among adolescents. Primary care providers see approximately 75% of adolescents; however, mental health conditions are missed 84% of the time. Current clinical guidelines recommend screening for adolescent depression during wellness visits or when risk factors are present.

Methods: The providers of interest were nurse practitioners, physicians, and physician assistants providing primary care to children between the ages of 12 and 17 in a private pediatric practice group consisting of three clinics. The Model for Improvement guided the process of developing, implementing, and evaluating an educational intervention through use of a pre-test/post-test quantitative design. An email invited participants to complete an anonymous pre-test survey to evaluate knowledge and beliefs surrounding adolescent depression, then view an educational presentation on adolescent depression and screening guidelines, then complete a post-survey to evaluate any changes in knowledge and intention to screen. Results were shared with clinic representatives to help refine the education for future testing cycles and other clinic sites.

Results: Data collection took place over one week. Five providers completed both the pre-test and post-test surveys. Provider knowledge scores significantly increased 29% after participating in the education and self-reported knowledge on screening increased.

Conclusions: DNP quality improvement projects like this help develop strategies to increase best practices, leading to improved patient outcomes. Nurse-led improvement programs like this contribute to healthcare literature and the advancement of the nursing profession by developing patient-centered interventions applicable to a wide variety of providers. Results may be used to develop strategies to increase and align provider practices with best standards to help promote early identification and treatment of adolescents with depression.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Davis, Mary P.
Commitee: Edmund, Sara J., Peek, Gloanna J.
School: The University of Arizona
Department: Nursing
School Location: United States -- Arizona
Source: DAI-B 80/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Mental health, Nursing, Health care management
Keywords: Adolescents, Depression, GLAD-PC, Primary care, Quality improvement, Screening
Publication Number: 13864970
ISBN: 978-1-392-09943-8
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