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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Relationship between Privacy Notice Formats and Consumer Disclosure Decisions: A Quantitative Study
by Carlton, Alexys Mercedes, D.B.A., Northcentral University, 2019, 102; 13856998
Abstract (Summary)

In the Data Era, the future success of many businesses will heavily depend on the business’s ability to collect and process consumer personal information. Business leaders must understand and implement practices that increase consumer trust to influence their willingness to disclose their information. The problem addressed by this study is many consumers do not trust online service providers with their personal information, and as a result, have refrained from engaging in online activities. This lack of consumer trust impacts the consumers, businesses, and the global economy. The privacy calculus theory, which provided the theoretical framework for this study, suggests that consumer conduct a risk-benefit analysis to aid in their decision to disclose personal information. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to understand how consumers use privacy notices in their decisions whether to share their personal information with online businesses. This study was designed to answer how consumers view the relationship between privacy notice type and trust, privacy-related costs, and their likeliness to disclose personal information. A sample of 288 American adult privacy pragmatists were recruited using Amazon Mechanical Turk. The participants were randomly assigned to read one of three privacy notice formats, a full-text format, a layered text format, or a standardized table format, and asked to answer a survey. A one-way analysis of variance was used to test the hypotheses. This study F(8, 55) = 2.08, p = .04 found a relationship between privacy notice type and consumer trust (η = .22, p = .001). No relationship was found between privacy notice type and a consumer’s perceived protection belief (η = .14, p = .07), perceived risk belief (η = .05, p = .70) or likeliness to disclose (η = .11, p = .20). Practitioners should focus factors that will encourage disclosure collect consumer personal information other than website privacy notice format. Further research is needed to study these relationships in different online contexts and with different populations. Further research is also needed to study the relationships using other privacy format types.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Cross, David
Commitee: Barret, Christopher, Sopko, Leila
School: Northcentral University
Department: School of Business and Technology Management
School Location: United States -- California
Source: DAI-B 80/09(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Information Technology
Keywords: Consumer behavior, Consumer trust, Disclosure of information, Internet privacy, Privacy calculus, Privacy notice
Publication Number: 13856998
ISBN: 978-1-392-08865-4
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