As eye-tracking become ubiquitous, the chance of systems using eye-gaze control interfaces increases. However, there is a lack of research explaining eye-gaze control’s effect on user perception. Eye-gaze control may alter how users visually perceive their environment. Eye-gaze control may require movements that disrupt normal visual attending. Eye-gaze control may also alter visual attention by decreasing the likelihood of visual detection. This means eye-gaze control used in complex settings (i.e. driving, aviation, etc.) could increase potential harm to users and others. Therefore, it is important to identify potential changes to a user’s perception. The current study was composed of two experiments examining costs to visual attention. A total of 48 CSULB students participated (24 each experiment). Participants tracked a cursor on a screen or controlled the cursor with mouse or eye-gaze control. Concurrently they responded to stimuli appearing in either peripheral or central visual areas. Responses and reaction times (RT) were gathered. The results suggest eye-gaze control disrupts visual attention and increases attentional load and inattentional blindness. Eye-gaze control had the most missed stimuli and slowest reaction times for peripheral and central targets. This study suggests effects of eye-gaze control on visual perception should be considered in system design and eye-gaze control should be limited to non-critical tasks where users won’t be harmed if they miss an event.
|Advisor:||Miles, James D.|
|Commitee:||Strybel, Thomas Z., Vu, Kim-Phuong L.|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 58/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Cognitive psychology|
|Keywords:||Attention, Eye control, Eye tracking, Human factors, Perception, Vision|
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