The global tobacco market is twofold, compromised of legitimate and illegitimate components and trafficked by a variety of actors. Of the total global tobacco consumption, the illicit cigarette market accounts for 11.6% and a revenue loss of $40.5 billion. While legal tobacco is commonly sold in the form of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and hookah, illegal tobacco can take on several forms and is distributed in a variety of ways—most recently with its expansion to the darkweb. Tobacco continues to be the single leading cause of preventable deaths and is responsible for approximately 6 million deaths per year. It impacts health, undermines health policies, is a low-risk with high-rewards criminal activity, facilitates or accompanies other crimes, is transnational, deprives governments of tax revenues, and funds other criminal activities. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to add to the scarce research on tobacco products on the dark web and assess the size and scope of the illicit tobacco market. This study is an analysis of secondary data from Barrera, Malm, Décary-Hétu, and Munksgaard’s project on tobacco products funded by PMI Impact. Findings show tobacco products are not as prevalent on cryptomarkets, compared to physical sales, or when compared to the sale of other commodities. However, the data shows tobacco vendors are involved in more than tobacco and tobacco-product sales including cannabis, prescription, miscellaneous legal products, and psychedelic products. Further research should continue to monitor these activities and track any increase in demand for specific tobacco products.
|Commitee:||Décary-Hétu, David, Nash, Rebecca|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Criminology, Criminal Justice and Emergency Management|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 58/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Agricultural economics, Criminology|
|Keywords:||Cryptomarkets, Cyber crime, Dark web, Drug markets, Illicit tobacco trade, Tor|
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