Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Relationship between Mandatory Placement Tests to Student Success at a Community College
by Wright, Kimberly U., Ed.D., Morgan State University, 2018, 137; 10979553
Abstract (Summary)

To improve community college student success outcomes, accountability has shifted from the student to the institution. Institutions now must identify potential barriers to student success and take action to improve completion outcomes. One plausible way to begin an investigation of the factors that lead to student success is to examine the extent to which placement into developmental education impacts completion. The purpose of this correlational study was to examine the extent to which students placed into developmental English or Math, succeeded in their developmental coursework within one year, progressed in college-level coursework within two years, and graduated within three years.

This study examined the records of 1478 students at a large multi-campus community college located in the Northeast. Frequencies were employed to ascertain whether students placed in developmental-level courses were successful in those courses within one year. Phi coefficient tests examined the relationship between success in developmental English or Math in one year, success in the college-level English or Math courses within two years, and success in developmental education and degree completion within three years. A supplemental analysis, utilizing binary logistic regressions, was conducted to determine whether success in developmental English or Math predicted of graduation within three years.

The results indicate that students in the program under review graduated at higher rates than the national average. Transfer data improved both institutional performance and student success outcomes by 8 percent. Success in developmental education within one year was an important indicator of success in a college-level (gatekeeper) course within two years and progress towards degree completion within three years. Students who were successful in developmental education were more likely to graduate than those who were not successful in developmental education. Finally, the binary logistic regression results showed that success in developmental English and Math were significant predictors of student graduation within three years.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Drew, Joseph
Commitee: Fancher-Ruiz, Ellen, Gillett-Karam, Rosemary, Hollis, Leah P.
School: Morgan State University
Department: Community College Leadership Program
School Location: United States -- Maryland
Source: DAI-A 80/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Community college education, Education Policy, Educational administration
Keywords: Community college, Mandatory placement tests, Student success
Publication Number: 10979553
ISBN: 978-1-392-05651-6
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