The detective or crime novel is most often categorized as popular fiction and stands out as a genre that is difficult to classify because it differs from the realistic novel. My study that aims to scrutinize the Francophone African detective novel that deals with the immigrant experience is twofold. First, I underline the originality of a novel that blends crime and immigration, and second, I point to the social and anthropological features of such novels. As a matter of fact, my dissertation analyzes the intersection between criminality and transhumance in order to shed light on Africa—where immigrants depart from—and Europe, especially France, where their lives sit stranded between necessity and expense. This work also examines how immigrants’ deaths are not considered homicides that deserve a police investigation. Building on theories from Cultural Studies such as sociology, political philosophy and textual analysis, I contend that authors such as Bolya Baenga, Achille Ngoye and Jean-Roger Essomba offer fiction that ultimately raise the question of the value of African lives at a moment when these very lives are considered unworthy of hospitality and cast out of society. The novels analyzed in this work suggest that postcolonial African States and their European counterparts share a responsibility in the reduction of immigrant’s lives to irrelevant lives, sanctionable by death.
|Commitee:||Barry, Ancelet J., Barry, David A., Higginson, Pim, Mielusel, Ramona|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 80/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Modern language, African Studies, Sociology|
|Keywords:||Cultural studies, Detective novel, Immigration, Postcolonialism|
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