Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Relationship between Growth Faults and Subsidence: Impact on Coastal Erosion, an Example from Cameron Parish, Southwestern Louisiana, USA
by O'Leary, Matthew Covington, M.S., University of Louisiana at Lafayette, 2018, 102; 10843530
Abstract (Summary)

This study investigates the relationship between faulting, subsidence, and land loss in coastal Louisiana. A methodology that integrates 3D seismic data, well logs, high-resolution topographic mapping (LIDAR), and historical aerial photography is successfully developed to identify fault-related geomorphic changes in southwestern Louisiana’s Chenier Plain. Analysis of a 3D seismic survey and well logs reveals the presence of 10 normal faults that form an east-west graben in the middle of the study area. Well logs were used to further constrain the geometry of the faults. Shallow water well logs were used to map the faults at shallow depth, below the resolution of the seismic survey. Fault traces were extrapolated to the surface by maintaining constant dip, and projected on LIDAR data. Elevation profiles derived from the LIDAR were conducted across the different faults, and results show that there is a distinct difference between the upthrown and downthrown sides of the faults. Historical aerial photographs were used to investigate any change in geomorphology from 1953 to 2017 within the study area. Results reveal the occurrence of water bodies on the immediate downthrown sides of suspected fault traces. Our findings suggest that faulting influences and focuses areas where subsidence is happening and subsequent land loss may occur and detailed understanding of active shallow faulting in coastal area can be used to identify regions that are at risk of land loss.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Gottardi, Raphael, Finley, William
Commitee: Duex, Tim, Kinsland, Gary
School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: Geology
School Location: United States -- Louisiana
Source: MAI 58/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Geology
Keywords: Cheniers, Geology, Growth faults, LIDAR, Land loss, Subsidence, Cameron Parish, Louisiana
Publication Number: 10843530
ISBN: 978-1-392-04172-7
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