In this work, we studied the Eagle Ford Shale and experimented in detail to create a baseline to address the relative permeability of specific ions in shale. The study identifies that: (1) Ions are dispersed in a specific sequence (Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+). (2) As ions are dispersed, this allows the gas bubbles out of the shale/soil and forces the flakes and fragments to float to the top of the water on the vessel. The floating particles, depending on the type of cations released from the shale mass move towards a specific ion electrode. (3) Detachment or bursting of gas bubbles may initiate a shift or break in the shale/soil formation. (4) Calcium electrical potential, Eh, goes from negative to positive. This indicates an unstable potential with respect to time around the length of the well bore. (5) The release of ions depends on the diffusion properties of water penetrating the shale/soil mass. The motion of the shale/soil floating material is a vortex-like motion.
We conclude that by using SAR, it will help predict where the wellbore is stable or unstable based on the curve where certain drops or peaks or located. By creating a baseline measure using deionized water it is possible to predict the relative permeability of wellbore drilling of the Eagle Ford Shale using SAR.
Taking note of the ionic relative permeability as observed in our experiments, we decided to use the SAR method for estimating the relative permeability of shale/soil to various ions. All of this is based on where the most ionic flow occurs under given wellbore conditions. This understanding is further applicable to the design of certain type of frac fluids or design of a compatible drilling fluid for drilling a specific shale/soil.
|Commitee:||Boukadi, Fathi, Seibi, Abdennour C.|
|School:||University of Louisiana at Lafayette|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||MAI 58/05M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Engineering, Petroleum engineering|
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