Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The author has requested that access to this graduate work be delayed until 2020-03-29. After this date, this graduate work will be available on an open access basis.
Bumping up the Body: Examining the Impact of Celebrity Gossip Magazines on Body Image during Pregnancy
by Hopper, K. Megan, Ph.D., University of Missouri - Columbia, 2010, 268; 13869880
Abstract (Summary)

The present analysis examined the impact of celebrity gossip magazine coverage on pregnant women through both quantitative and qualitative methods. Study 1 employed both objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) and social comparison theory (Festinger, 1954) in an experimental design. Results showed that exposure to full-body sexually objectified images and text concerning pregnant celebrities resulted in more social comparison than non-objectifying images and text. However, exposure to nonobjectifying headshot-only images and accompanying text concerning celebrities resulted in significantly more self-objectification than exposure to control images of baby products. Study 2 employed the articulation model of meaning (Hall, 1986) in focus group discussions in which participants indicated that they recognize how celebrity gossip magazines sexually objectify pregnant celebrities. Participants largely criticized this sexual objectification while simultaneously describing their own objectification of pregnant celebrities featured in these magazines. Although they did not feel as if they were negatively affected by this sexual objectification in the long term, participants indicated that younger pregnant women most likely are. The results of both studies are interpreted in light of objectification theory, social comparison theory, and the articulation model of meaning.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Aubrey, Jennifer Stevens
Commitee: Aubrey, Jennifer Stevens, Behm-Morawitz, Lissa, Frisby, Cynthia, Olson, Lareen, Porter, Michael
School: University of Missouri - Columbia
Department: Communication
School Location: United States -- Missouri
Source: DAI-A 80/08(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Communication, Mass communications
Keywords: Celebrity magazines, Objectification theory, Pregnant women, Social comparison theory
Publication Number: 13869880
ISBN: 978-1-392-01232-1
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