Acute and/or complex trauma exposure during the vulnerable, critical developmental period of childhood places children at greater risks for developing emotional, psychological, behavioral difficulties. Currently, 60 % of children experience between one to four traumatic events and 25% of these children develop trauma symptoms consistent within full or partial PTSD diagnostic criteria. The greater the number of multiple and/or chronic traumatic experiences, especially within the caregiver system, the greater the risks for significant impairment, trauma symptoms and developmental difficulties. Utilizing Attachment Theory and Trauma Theory, this quantitative study explored the relationship between parent self-reported, child trauma (PTSD) symptoms, child trauma exposure, parental trauma exposure in childhood, parent burnout, parental attachment to their child, parent spirituality and parent PTSD trauma symptoms. Secondary, archival data was collected from a convenience sample including thirty-three parents/caregivers from a clinic population in the southeastern United States. The exploratory, quantitative research study focused on identifying potential systemic risks and resiliency factors that may serve to mediate child trauma (PTSD) symptoms. The results indicated potential risks factors of child trauma (PTSD) symptoms included both the number and specific types of parental adverse childhood experiences. In addition, the number of child trauma experiences predicted child trauma (PTSD) symptomology, while high parental attachment, low parent burnout and high spirituality served as potential systemic resiliency factors. Parent trauma (PTSD) symptoms and parent spirituality were not found to predict child trauma (PTSD) symptomology following child trauma exposure. This exploratory research study does not imply causality but highlights additional systemic, family assessment avenues for further research for decreasing the negative impact of child trauma (PTSD) exposure.
|Commitee:||Schmittel, Emily, White, Mark|
|Department:||Marriage and Family Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 80/07(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Counseling Psychology, Clinical psychology, Individual & family studies|
|Keywords:||Attachment, Parent burnout, Parent spirituality, Parent/child attachment, Ptsd parent/child symptoms, Trauma|
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