During the early years of the 19th century Spanish colonies in the Americas went through dramatic political changes as new structures of governance emerged worldwide. Monarchical power throughout the world declined as representational democracy and the nation state became the new norm. This thesis focuses on two Spanish colonies and their transition to nation states, New Spain into Mexico and the Río de la Plata into Argentina. An analysis of this transition reveals that the period was much more than just a revolutionary or Independence era, rather, it was demarcated by intense class warfare. Whereas the lower classes of the colonies vied for dramatic changes in political, social, and economic structures, elites had sought to keep intact as much as possible colonial mechanisms of power whilst separating from the Spanish monarchy. This thesis uses constitutions, decrees, laws, and personal letters written by actors from both sides to highlight the intensity of class warfare during this period.
|Commitee:||Haas, Liesl, Keirn, Timothy|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 58/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Latin American history, History, Modern history|
|Keywords:||Class warfare, Latin American independence, Latin American revolutions, Legal culture, Nationalism, World systems theory|
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