Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

The Effectiveness of Nonpharmacological Interventions for Reducing Anxiety in Diagnostic Imaging: A Systematic Review
by Barter, Lindsay E., M.S., University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, 2018, 104; 13850245
Abstract (Summary)

Anxiety can have a significant impact on health procedures if not properly controlled. Reducing procedural anxiety is an imperative step to producing high-quality radiographic images, while controlling radiation dose in patient-centered care. Nonpharmacological interventions are typically brief and inexpensive behavioral methods that can be used to reduce or control anxiety in radiology settings. The goals of this study were (1) to systematically review randomized controlled trials (RCT’s) aimed at reducing procedural anxiety associated with diagnostic imaging in adults aged 18 and older, and (2) to provide implications for future research examining nonpharmacological approaches to manage procedural anxiety where pharmacological interventions are not feasible or desirable. A systematic review of the literature was performed, and state anxiety was the primary outcome of interest. Six articles met inclusion criteria. Based on results, nonpharmacological interventions ranged in effect size from small (d = -0.19) to large (d = -2.14), with preprocedural educational interventions found to be the most effective for reducing patients’ procedural anxiety. Overall, adult patients exhibited a reduction in anxiety when interventions were conducted both before and during radiology procedures. Further research is needed to determine interventions most effective for radiology procedures utilizing diagnostic imaging agents.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor:
Commitee:
School: University of the Sciences in Philadelphia
Department: Health Psychology
School Location: United States -- Pennsylvania
Source: MAI 58/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Mental health, Medical imaging, Health education
Keywords: Anxiety, Diagnostic imaging, Diagnostic radiology, Nonpharmacological interventions, Nuclear medicine, State-anxiety
Publication Number: 13850245
ISBN: 9780438973862
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