When patients present with complaints of anxiety or depression, providers in the primary care setting often prescribe anxiolytics or antidepressants without conducting an early emotional trauma or adverse childhood experiences assessment. Several studies demonstrate the link between early emotional trauma (EET) or adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and the increased risk of anxiety or depression as adults. This Clinical Scholarly Project (CSP) implemented the use of the Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) Questionnaire with patients who had a diagnosis of anxiety or depression in the primary care setting to increase patient access to resources and align clinical practice with practice guidelines. Participants included eight primary care providers, 30 patients and 21 chart review patients. The CSP utilized a quasi-experimental design to determine if the use of the ACE Questionnaire by patients with anxiety or depression would result in patients receiving more community resources (to include counseling), strengthen the provider-patient relationship, increase provider comfort in discussing ACEs with their patients and result in patients receiving care that was evidence based. Patient sample participants received significantly more resources (M = 8.27, SD = 2.27) than the chart audit sample (M = 0.90, SD = 0.30). Patient sample members received an average of eight resources (M = 8.27) and utilized an average of five resources (M = 5.07). Use of the ACE Questionnaire resulted in more trust in provider-patient relationship by patients (80.0%) and the majority of the provider sample more comfortable discussing ACEs after the project (85.7%).
|Commitee:||Hanisch, Tyke, Williamitis, Christine|
|Department:||Nursing and Health Professions|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 80/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Clinical psychology, Health care management|
|Keywords:||Ace screening, Adverse childhood experiences, Anxiety, Depression, Early emotional trauma, Primary care|
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