Drawing from critics such as Mikhail Bakhtin, Jesús Martín Barbero, Roberto Da Matta, William Rowe and Vivian Schelling, I analyze four carnivals and popular festivities in the Andean Region–Yawar Fiesta (Perú), Carnaval de Blancos y Negros (Colombia), Carnaval de Oruro (Bolivia), and Semana Santa (Peru)–as they are represented in films, paintings and literary texts from the 20th and 21st centuries. I study the works of authors such as José María Arguedas, Guillermo Edmundo Cháves, Carlos Medinaceli, and Claudia Llosa. During the 20th century modernizing states deployed the idea of folklore to encode and reinvent popular culture as a unified source of national themes and images. Carnivals and popular festivities were nationalized. I study how carnival's representations both contest and sustain hegemonic discourses of national identity. My project is an inquiry into the discursive ambivalences and fractures of such representations as they reinterpret the historical past, highlight the existence of diverse cultural temporalities, and display linguistic, cultural and racial heterogeneities. It aims to contribute to the debates around nation, modernity and modernization, and the consumption and appropriation of popular culture.
|Commitee:||Anderson, Thomas F., Heller, Ben, Jáuregui, Carlos, Olivera-Williams, Maria Rosa|
|School:||University of Notre Dame|
|Department:||Romance Languages and Literatures|
|School Location:||United States -- Indiana|
|Source:||DAI-A 80/06(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Ethnic studies, Language, Gender studies|
|Keywords:||Andean Region, Carnival, Festivities, Lettered city, Nation, Popular culture|
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