Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) and magnetometry were used at Tel Shimron, an archaeological site in Israel’s Jezreel Valley. GPR primarily measures electric properties while magnetometry measures magnetic properties, making them complementary methods for subsurface prospection. Magnetometry can be collected and processed quickly, making it an ideal landscape-scale reconnaissance tool. It takes more time to collect, process, and interpret GPR data, but the result is a higher resolution dataset. In addition, GPR often works better than magnetometry in desert environments such as the Jezreel Valley. Conventional wisdom suggests that GPR should not be used as a landscape-scale reconnaissance tool unless there is ample time to process and interpret the data. Despite this, GPR was used at Tel Shimron with standardized, semi-automated processing routines and eight field technicians to produce an end product. The GPR survey revealed more about the subsurface than magnetometry, including three potential dwellings and a Bronze Age city gate.
|Commitee:||Ernenwein, Eileen G., Joyner, T. Andrew, Miglio, Adam E.|
|School:||East Tennessee State University|
|School Location:||United States -- Tennessee|
|Source:||MAI 58/04M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Archaeology, Geophysics, Near Eastern Studies|
|Keywords:||Archaeology, GPR, Magnetometry, Tels|
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