The European Economic Community (EEC) was established by six countries in order to provide peace, prosperity and stability among themselves. The doors of the EEC and then EU have been open to other European countries that want to join. So the EU used the enlargement of the Union as a strategy to realize its objective on the whole European continent. In this context, Turkey also applied for full membership and got accepted as a candidate country. Since 1993, candidate countries need to comply with Copenhagen criteria to harmonize their legislation with that of the EU to ensure a smooth integration with the Union. Accession negotiations between the EU and Turkey started in 2005, although harmonization efforts started much earlier by the acquisition of candidate country status in 1999. Turkey’s negotiations with the EU have encountered unprecedented difficulties in the history of EU enlargement because of Cyprus issue and attitudes of some Member States that still question whether Turkey is a European country. Despite these hardships in accession negotiations, membership process plays a transformative role on Turkey in terms of raising its political, democratic and economic standards and making it a more stable country. So this thesis asserts that the EU membership process contributes to enhancing Turkey’s attractiveness and increasing the inflow of Foreign Direct Investment to Turkey in general and manufacturing sector in particular. In this respect, it focuses on theoretical perspectives that explain how the EU exerts its impact, indicates the transformation undergone in Turkey through legislative and institutional reforms, and tries to prove that the membership process with the EU influenced the Turkish economy positively and increased FDI inflow to Turkey. FDI data from different periods and a recent survey done with international investors was used for this purpose.
|School:||The American University of Paris (France)|
|Source:||MAI 58/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Finance, International Relations|
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