In the last two decades, the number of metastatic resections in colorectal carcinoma has increased significantly. Patients undergoing curative resection of liver metastases show an average 5-year survival of 30% and results in the literature range from 16 to 74%. In combination with optimized perioperative and multimodal chemotherapy, significantly improved overall survival was achieved for patients with colorectal cancer metastases.
Many different factors influence the overall survival of patients undergoing colorectal metastasis resections. Also novel methods such as the two-time liver resection are still controversial in the literature. In addition to the already established surgical resection of hepatic colorectal metastases, lung metastases are increasingly being resected with a curative treatment approach.
The purpose of this work was to work up the data of patients undergoing colorectal liver metastases resections at the University Hospital Würzburg from 2003 to 2013. The various factors influencing the overall survival of these patients were developed and discussed, with special attention to two-stage liver resections and extrahepatic metastases (especially lung metastases). A collective of 148 patients operated on liver metastases in colorectal carcinoma with curative intention was studied.
It has been shown that the resection of both lung and liver metastases leads to a significantly improved long-term survival compared to the conservative approach and should therefore always be considered, if possible. In particular, an advanced age is no obstacle to surgery if the patient is in a good general condition. Interestingly, patients with significantly increased use of blood products survived significantly worse.
It was shown that the new approach of the two-stage resection procedure of liver metastases for a carefully selected patient population is associated with a very good long-term survival.
In addition, it was shown that the development of additional resectable lung metastases with underlying liver metastases per se is not a negative prognostic marker. These observations are intended to encourage multidisciplinary tumor conferences to propose a curative surgical procedure to all patients with resectable synchronous and metachronous hepatic and pulmonary metastases, allowing general and concomitant disease.
|Advisor:||Klein, Ingo, Geier, Andreas, Wiegering, Armin|
|School:||Bayerische Julius-Maximilians-Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany)|
|Source:||DAI-C 81/1(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Colorectal cancer metastases|
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