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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Resilience among Syrian Refugees in Germany: The Relationships between Demographic, Trauma Coping Self-Efficacy, and Environmental and Cultural Factors in Association with PTSD and Resilience in a Community-Based Sample
by von Haumeder, Anna, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2018, 139; 10973871
Abstract (Summary)

Considering the profound levels of trauma exposure among the growing refugee population worldwide, there is an urgent need to better understand the complex interactions of factors associated with resilience as a key protective factor against adversity. This study used a mixed-methods approach to investigate the relationship between demographic factors, environmental stressors, trauma coping self-efficacy, cultural factors, resilience, and PTSD among Syrian refugees in Germany. Quantitative findings showed that nearly half of all survey participants (n = 127) met the criteria for a probable PTSD diagnosis (n = 59, 46.5%). Environmental stressors were significant predictors of PTSD, explaining 45.7% of the variance after accounting for significant demographic factors (β = –.683, t = –9.842, p = 0.000). Participants who had food concerns were 42.8 times more likely to have probable PTSD than participants who reported having enough food (OR = 42.8, 95% CI = 5.6 to 330.1, p < 0.000). Not being content with one’s housing situation increased the odds of having probable PTSD 14.7 times compared to individuals who had no housing concerns (OR = 14.7, 95% CI –5.7 to 36.6, p < 0.000). Qualitative findings indicated five main themes that represent threats to positive adaptation to life in Germany: 1) communication difficulties, 2) socioeconomic living conditions, 3) family related issues, 4) cultural differences, discrimination, and social isolation, and 5) asylum procedure. Implications for treatment and future research are discussed.

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Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Ghafoori, Bita
Commitee: Luken, Debora, Saltzman, William
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Advanced Studies in Education and Counseling
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 58/03M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Social psychology, Counseling Psychology, Clinical psychology
Keywords: Environment, Mixed-methods, PTSD, Refugees, Resilience, Trauma
Publication Number: 10973871
ISBN: 978-0-438-71856-2
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