Over 3,000 children under the age of 10 died in 2015 as a result of unintentional injuries (e.g. suffocation, drowning, firearm discharge, burns, and accidental poisonings). Some of these deaths likely occurred when children came across a dangerous item while unsupervised. In the current study three preschool age students were taught to engage in a three-step safety response in the presence of a variety of dangerous stimuli. Behavioral skills training plus in-situ training was used to teach a leave, do not touch, tell an adult response in the presence of one dangerous stimulus. Following mastery of this response, equivalence-based instruction was used to create classes of dangerous (i.e., medicine bottle, a lighter, and a handgun) and non-dangerous (i.e., container, a flash drive, and a hair dryer) stimuli. Results demonstrated that the addition of equivalence based instruction to behavioral skills training plus in-situ training was effective at training a safety response across multiple dangerous stimuli.
|Advisor:||Vladescu, Jason C.|
|Commitee:||Fienup, Daniel M., Kisamore, April N., Reeve, Kenneth F.|
|Department:||Applied Behavior Analysis|
|School Location:||United States -- New Jersey|
|Source:||DAI-B 80/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Behavioral psychology, Educational psychology, Psychology|
|Keywords:||Applied behavior analysis, Behavioral skills training, Equivalence-based instruction, Safety, Safety skills, Transfer of function|
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