The educational journey that prepares students for the professional nursing role can be fraught with stress and can result in a deleterious effect on the student’s overall health and well-being, ultimately leading to negative outcomes such as poor academic performance and school attrition. Furthermore, the national launch of the “Health Nurse, Healthy Nation” initiative conducted by the American Nurse Association (ANA), underscores the importance of maintaining a balance of spiritual, personal, and professional well-being. One’s spiritual health, or spiritual perspective, has been identified as an important coping strategy or mechanism for regulating an individual’s stress. In light of the deleterious effects of stress on nursing students, there is clearly a need to understand the relationship between life-style promoting behaviors, spiritual perspective and perceived stress in nursing students preparing to embark upon their professional careers as nurses.
Based upon the identified gaps in the research literature, the overarching purpose of this research study was to examine the relationship between life-style promoting behaviors, spiritual perspective, and perceived stress, among sophomore and senior level nursing students enrolled in an accredited historically black college and university (HBCU). In addition, this study sought to determine which demographic characteristics were significant predictors of lifestyle promoting behaviors and perceived stress in this student population. A cross-sectional, descriptive correlational research design was used to conduct the study. The theoretical underpinning that formed the study’s overall conceptual framework was drawn from Lazarus and Folkman’s Transactional Model of Stress and Coping (1984).
The sample for this study (N=91) consisted of first semester sophomore and first semester senior baccalaureate nursing students enrolled in a HBCU located in the southeastern area of the United States. Further, the vast majority of the participants in this study were African American, female, and single or never married.
A major study finding revealed that a statistically significant, negative correlation existed between lifestyle-promoting behaviors and perceived stress. This finding has important implications for schools of nursing and sheds light on the role that effective health promotion programs that emphasize stress management techniques, can play in preparing students to launch successful careers as “healthy nurses.”
|Commitee:||Brown, Sandra, Jones, Kathryn, Rami, Janet|
|School:||Southern University and Agricultural and Mechanical College|
|Department:||School of Nursing|
|School Location:||United States -- Louisiana|
|Source:||DAI-B 80/03(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Religion, Nursing, Health education|
|Keywords:||Baccalaureate nursing students, Healthy lifestyle behaviors, Perceived stress, Spirituality|
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