Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the largest epidemic in the world causing 800,000 annual deaths in the U.S alone and 15 million deaths worldwide. After a myocardial infarction, commonly known as a heart attack, the cells around the infarct area get deprived of oxygen and die resulting in scar tissue formation and subsequent arrhythmic beating of the heart. Due to the inability of cardiomyocytes to differentiate, the chances of recurrence of an infarction are tremendous. Research has shown that recurrence lead to death within 2 years in 10% of the cases and within 10 years in 50% of the cases. Therefore, an external structure is needed to support cardiomyocyte growth and bring the heart back to proper functioning. Current research shows that composite materials coupled with nanotechnology, a material where one of its dimension is less than or equal to 100nm, has very high potential in becoming a successful alternative treatment for end stage heart failure. The main goal of this research is to develop a composite material that will act as a scaffold to help externally cultured cardiomyocytes grow in the infarct area of the heart. The composite will consist of a poly-lactic co glycolic acid (PLGA) matrix, reinforced with carbon nanotubes. Prior research has been conducted with this same composite, however the significance of the composite developed in this research is that the nanotubes will be aligned with the help of an electro-magnetic field. This alignment is proposed to promote mechanical strength and significantly enhance proliferation and adhesion of the cardiomyocytes.
|Advisor:||Stout, David A.|
|Commitee:||Ayala, Perla, Whisler, Daniel|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|Department:||Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 58/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Bioengineering, Mechanical engineering, Materials science|
|Keywords:||Bio-material, Cadiovascular diesease, Cardiovascular patch, Composite, Nanotechnology, Tissue engineering|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be