Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Shoot or Be Shot: Urban America and Gun Violence among African American Males
by Rivers, Tiffany, M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2018, 126; 10841331
Abstract (Summary)

Gun homicides are highly concentrated in African American communities and are widespread in urban neighborhoods. African American males are disproportionately victims and perpetrators of gun violence, have a higher propensity to use and carry weapons, and are more likely to die due to gun violence. Few studies, however, provide a detailed account of the history of gun carrying, the value of gun carrying, and the individual and situational factors that lead to or inhibit the use of guns among young African American males.

Based on semi-structured interviews of 11 African American males obtained via snowball sampling, this thesis explains the causes of African American male gun violence, and describes the patterns and decision-making processes around gun carrying and the use of guns (i.e. how gun were introduced, obtained, used or not used, loved, and despised) among African American males in Oakland, California. Based on the sample’s insight, this thesis concludes that strengthening collective efficacy and community-police relationships, providing employment and educational opportunities and resources, implementing mentorship and restorative justice programs, and Crime Prevention Through Experimental Design (CPTED) strategies can reduce gun violence.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Perrone, Dina
Commitee: Vickovic, Sam, Vogel, Brenda
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Criminology and Criminal Justice
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 58/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: African American Studies, Criminology, Gender studies
Keywords: African American, Decision making, Gun use, Gun violence, Retaliation, Risk factors
Publication Number: 10841331
ISBN: 978-0-438-58580-5
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