The objective of this study is threefold: 1) Build a dual-porosity, geological reservoir model of Niobrara formation in the Wishbone Section of the DJ Basin. 2) Use the geologic static model to construct a compositional model to assess performance of Well 1N in the Wishbone Section. 3) Compare the modeling results of this study with the result from an eleven-well modeling study (Ning, 2017) of the same formation which included the same well. The geologic model is based on discrete fracture network (DFN) model (Grechishnikova 2017) from an outcrop study of Niobrara formation.
This study is part of a broader program sponsored by Anadarko and conducted by the Reservoir Characterization Project (RCP) at Colorado School of Mines. The study area is the Wishbone Section (one square mile area), which has eleven horizontal producing wells with initial production dating back to September 2013. The project also includes a nine-component time-lapse seismic. The Wishbone section is a low-permeability faulted reservoir containing liquid-rich light hydrocarbons in the Niobrara chalk and Codell sandstone.
The geologic framework was built by Grechishnikova (2017) using seismic, microseismic, petrophysical suite, core and outcrop. I used Grechishnikova’s geologic framework and available petrophysical and core data to construct a 3D reservoir model. The 3D geologic model was used in the hydraulic fracture modeling software, GOHFER, to create a hydraulic fracture interpretation for the reservoir simulator and compared to the interpretation built by Alfataierge (2017). The reservoir numerical simulator incorporated PVT from a well within the section to create the compositional dual-porosity model in CMG with seven lumped components instead of the thirty-two individual components. History matching was completed for the numerical simulation, and rate transient analysis between field and actual production are compared; the results were similar. The history matching parameters are further compared to the input parameters, and Ning’s (2017) history matching parameters.
The study evaluated how fracture porosity and rock compaction impacts production. The fracture porosity is a major contributor to well production and the gas oil ratio. The fracture porosity is a major sink for gathering the matrix flow contribution. The compaction numerical simulations show oil production increases with compaction because of the increased compaction drive. As rock compaction increases, permeability and porosity decreases. How the numerical model software, CMG, builds the hydraulic fracture, artificially increases the original oil-in-place and decreases the recovery factor. Furthermore, grid structure impacts run-time and accuracy to the model. Finally, outcrop adds value to the subsurface model with careful qualitative sedimentology and structural extrapolations to the subsurface by providing understanding between the wellbore and seismic data scales.
|Advisor:||Kazemi, Hossein, Ozkan, Erdal|
|Commitee:||Miskimins, Jennifer, Sonnenberg, Stephen|
|School:||Colorado School of Mines|
|School Location:||United States -- Colorado|
|Source:||MAI 58/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Chemical engineering, Petroleum Geology, Petroleum engineering|
|Keywords:||CMG, Dual permeability, Dual porosity, Modeling, Niobrara, Reservoir|
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