Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Implementation of a Nutrition Education Curriculum to Optimize Carbohydrate and Energy Intake among Male and Female Adolescent Distance Runners
by Coffey, Alaina B., M.S., California State University, Long Beach, 2018, 121; 10841681
Abstract (Summary)

While adolescent endurance runners are at risk for energy deficiency, limited studies have evaluated the effect of a nutrition education intervention. We evaluated the effect of a 4-week nutrition curriculum on adolescent cross-country runners’ nutrition knowledge, dietary behaviors, and self-efficacy to optimize intake of nutrient-dense carbohydrate foods, using a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design. Runners (n = 45; n = 26 F, n = 19 M; age 15.7 ± 0.2y) attended 4 weekly 30 to 60-minute lessons. Baseline body weight and composition were measured using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Paired samples t-tests measured difference in nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy scores, before and after each lesson. Mean nutrition knowledge scores significantly increased from pre- to post-test for lessons 1 and 2 (p < .001). Mean self-efficacy scores significantly improved pre- to post-test for all lessons (p < .001). Findings suggest a benefit of the curriculum to increase nutrition knowledge, self-efficacy, and support dietary behaviors promoting increase in nutrient-dense carbohydrate intake among adolescent runners.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Barrack, Michelle T.
Commitee: Cotter, Joshua A., Gray, Virginia B.
School: California State University, Long Beach
Department: Family and Consumer Sciences
School Location: United States -- California
Source: MAI 58/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Public Health Education, Health sciences, Nutrition, Kinesiology
Keywords: Carbohydrates, Endurance runners, Energy intake, Nutrition education intervention, Self-efficacy, Sports nutrition
Publication Number: 10841681
ISBN: 978-0-438-53887-0
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