Previous research has shown that there is a link between body image and potential negative health outcomes among athletes (e.g., disordered eating). However, little research has included athletes with physical disabilities. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine social comparison and internalization of sociocultural attitudes among athletes with physical disabilities. Forty-four athletes with self-identified physical disabilities completed a one-time paper or online survey. Results showed no significant differences in sociocultural attitudes and social comparison between male and female athletes overall. However, additional analysis showed significant differences in social comparison between females with congenital (M = 2.12, SD = 0.72) and acquired (M = 0.87, SD = 0.81) disabilities: t(11) = -2.93, p < 0.05, d = 1.63. Findings suggest that ultimately, body image might differ more so based on disability type (e.g., acquired or congenital) than gender.
|Commitee:||Madrigal, Leilani, Vargas, Tiffanye|
|School:||California State University, Long Beach|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||MAI 58/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Social psychology, Psychology|
|Keywords:||Athletes, Body image, Physical disabilities, Social comparison, Sociocultural attitudes|
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