Preceptorship has been and continues to be standard practice to acculturate the graduate nurse to professional practice. With origins as far back as Florence Nightingale and her apprenticeship model, preceptorship transfers knowledge acquired in the academic setting to the bedside and patient care. The nursing shortage and lack of retention have forced the nursing profession to identify obstacles that affect retention, competence, and support during the first year of practice, often referred to as the transition year. Graduate nurses, since the inception of computerized licensure exams, are expected to practice as fully functioning members of the healthcare team on their first days of practice. The purpose of this study was to examine the value nurse managers, preceptors, and preceptees placed on the preceptorship experience as a function of retention and competency building in the graduate nurse. Foundations of the study included the Expectancy-Value theory and From Novice to Expert theory. One hundred forty-eight registered nurses including 43 nurse managers, 49 preceptors, and 56 preceptees employed by two acute care hospitals in a southeastern state participated in the study. Results of the study demonstrated that nurse managers, preceptors, and preceptees place similar value on the preceptorship experience as a function of retention and competency building in the graduate nurse. Analysis of variance indicated that there was no statistically significant difference between groups on the value placed on the preceptorship experience. Implications of the study included further research to determine factors that influence retention and competency building of the graduate nurse in the acute care setting.
|Advisor:||Sicard, Karen C.|
|Commitee:||Baker, Judith, Markey, Linda, Roberts, Jalynn|
|School:||William Carey University|
|School Location:||United States -- Mississippi|
|Source:||DAI-B 80/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Health education, Education philosophy|
|Keywords:||Nurse graduate, Preceptorship, Transition to practice|
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