The role of sponsors in 12-step programs is an area of research that has received little attention. Although research has suggested that sponsors play an important role in maintaining sobriety through 12-step programs, there is limited information as to what factors make sponsorship effective. The 12-step model is widely utilized in the United States, making it important for us to understand what aspects lead to increased rates of abstinence. Sponsorship has repeatedly been shown to increase sobriety outcomes. A thorough examination of the qualities that make one sponsor more effective than another is greatly needed. This study created and validated a new measure to examine quality of relationship a person has with his or her sponsor in a 12-step group. A Principal Components Analysis (PCA) determined that the questionnaire had two components, with Support being the stronger component. Two versions of the questionnaire were developed with version 1 (N = 136) being more robust than version 2 (N = 133). The questionnaire was able to establish reliability and validity and may serve as brief measure of quality of relationship between sponsor and sponsee.
|Commitee:||Nowinski, Joe, Viglione, Donald|
|School:||Alliant International University|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 80/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||12-step groups, Addiction, Alcoholics anonymous, Mutual help organizations, Sponsors, Substance use disorder|
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