Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Effects of Early Cadmium and Selenium Exposure on Zebrafish Neural Development and Behavior
by Wold, Marissa K., M.S., The University of North Dakota, 2018, 132; 10843993
Abstract (Summary)

Cadmium is a naturally-occurring trace metal frequently found in soil that has been linked with increased prevalence of various cancers via formation of reactive oxygen species. Selenium, a widely-prevalent metalloid, antagonizes the detrimental action of cadmium and has been demonstrated to exert a rescue effect. The present work focuses on the short- and long-term effects of exposure to ecologically-relevant cadmium concentrations on zebrafish development and behavior, and compares this to co-treatment with selenium. This study has demonstrated a decrease in overall brain size, specifically telencephalic area, in response to cadmium exposure, and has documented a sparing effect of selenium treatment. A similar effect is seen in larval body size and eye diameter. This study has also reported an effect on spinal morphology and hatching delay. Longitudinally, cadmium treatment affects survival to six months, and has an impact on adult brain metrics. The results of behavioral assay indicate an effect of larval cadmium exposure on adult learning behavior, as well as a rescue effect of selenium.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Darland, Tristan
Commitee: Darland, Diane, Somji, Seema
School: The University of North Dakota
Department: Biology
School Location: United States -- North Dakota
Source: MAI 58/02M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Biology, Neurosciences
Keywords: Cadmium, Heavy metals, Nervous system, Oxidative damage, Selenium, Zebrafish
Publication Number: 10843993
ISBN: 978-0-438-39556-5
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