The health outcomes of men are significantly worse, when compared to their female counterpart, for the top 15 leading causes of death nationwide. At this time, men are not actively engaged in the healthcare system and didactic and clinical education does not adequately prepare providers to care for men or understand the psychology of masculinity. As of 2016 there were no primary care programs or medical schools that incorporated a specific course in men’s health promotion or the psychology of masculinity within their curriculum. This research study implemented one curricular module on the content of men’s health promotion and the psychology of masculinity. The researcher sought to understand what aspects of men’s primary healthcare and masculinity were taught within Primary Care Providers (PCP) didactic and clinical studies, what PCPs state was lacking from their curriculum, and how that translates to their ability to practice clinically. The research took place at six separate universities throughout the United States. Using a five-point Likert scaled survey, quantitative data was collected from students in six universities after they participated in a single module on men’s health promotion and masculinity. One month after students at the six universities went through the intervention, a second quantitative, five-point Likert Scale survey was collected that sought to determine what information from the module was applicable in their clinical education and settings after going through the intervention. The researcher then conducted six, qualitative, semi-structured, open-ended interviews with students who responded favorably to such an interview in quantitative evaluations through Qualtrics. Data analysis was completed through Wilcoxon Signed Rank Testing. Cohen’s d effect size was utilized to understand the significance of effect size within the data. Students in primary care agree that lack of timely healthcare, on behalf of men, is a stressor on the healthcare system and 100% of students agree they would welcome more content in their didactic education on men’s health promotion and the psychology of masculinity. Similarly, 94.5% of respondent’s state there is a need for primary care students to learn how to engage men in primary preventive care with 77% of respondents requesting more gender specific training. Students that went through the educational endeavor found value in the content delivered with 83.4% of participants stating they planned to make changes in their practice as a result of going through the educational module. Quantitative findings revealed that less than 20% of those surveyed are consistently utilizing evidence based interventions noted in literature to recruit and retain men into primary preventive care. Qualitative interviews noted that participants found themselves unconsciously unaware of their limitations in caring for men in the primary care setting, but fully aware that diverse and holistic care improves patient outcomes. Qualitative respondents also expressed a desire to grow professionally and a willingness to engage in pioneering practices that would equip them to deliver excellence in care.
|Commitee:||Irwin-Smiler, Andrew, Studebaker, Eric|
|School:||Northwest Nazarene University|
|School Location:||United States -- Idaho|
|Source:||DAI-B 80/02(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Education, Medicine, Nursing|
|Keywords:||Andrology, Curriculum, Graduate education, Masculinity, Men's health, Primary care|
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