Achieving and maintaining student engagement within a classroom are issues educators have dealt with since the inception of formal educational systems. The effects of seating arrangements on the classroom ecology have often been an area of concern for teachers. Recently a new trend in education called flexible seating has emerged. Flexible seating consists of a variety of alternative seating options. Proponents of flexible seating allege it creates an environment that decreases off-task behaviors which increases student outcomes through attentiveness. The purpose of this study is to understand how the effects of a flexible seating arrangement impact the ecology of the at-risk secondary classrooms, and to explore advantages and disadvantages of flexible seating in these classrooms. The study’s findings are taken from teacher interviews and observations within two at-risk secondary classrooms. The results demonstrate flexible seating increases the democracy in the classroom creating a feeling of well- being and allows self-regulation. However, based on this study educators are advised to learn their students’ needs and remember the nature of the task should influence the seating arrangement as well.
Key Words: flexible seating, traditional seating, at-risk, school ecology, on-task behaviors, off-task behaviors, engagement
|Advisor:||Conn, Daniel R.|
|Commitee:||Crackel, Robert, Kana, Erik|
|School:||Minot State University|
|School Location:||United States -- North Dakota|
|Source:||MAI 58/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Education, Secondary education, Science education|
|Keywords:||At-risk, Engagement, Flexible seating, On-task behaviors, School ecology, Traditional seating|
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