Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

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Hired Education: Tertiary Education and Unemployment under Resource Dependence
by Perera, Fabiana Sofia, Ph.D., The George Washington University, 2018, 197; 10842222
Abstract (Summary)

What determines public investment in tertiary education in resource-dependent countries? I develop a political economy theory of the provision of tertiary education in resource-dependent developing countries. To explain variation in the provision of tertiary education in these countries, I employ a mixed methods approach that exploits variation both across countries and within countries over time. I contend that the provision of tertiary education in resource-dependent developing countries is a response to concerns about unemployment and can be explained by differences in regime type and exchange rate arrangement. I argue that conditional on these two dimensions rulers pursue one of four possible strategies for investment in tertiary education: private participation, patronage politics, training tomorrow, and elite education. These strategies vary in level of spending, scope, and connection to public sector employment. I explore the use of these strategies in three case studies: Venezuela, Ecuador, and Qatar. This theory departs from existing explanations by acknowledging that resource-dependent countries deserve a separate explanation because public spending in this context is not redistributive. It expands our understanding of resource-dependent countries and autocratic resource-dependent countries specifically by providing an in-depth analysis of one component of social spending.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Teitelbaum, Emmanuel J.
Commitee: Chavez, Rebecca B., Jensen, Nathan M., Kaplan, Stephen B., McClintock, Cynthia
School: The George Washington University
Department: Political Science
School Location: United States -- District of Columbia
Source: DAI-A 80/01(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: International Relations, Political science, Higher education
Keywords: Ecuador, Education, Resource-dependence, Social spending, Unemployment, Venezuela
Publication Number: 10842222
ISBN: 9780438297135
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