Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Exploring Associations between Alcohol Use, Stress, and Students' Attitude towards Statistics
by Kunicki, Zachary J., M.S., University of Rhode Island, 2018, 95; 10842412
Abstract (Summary)

Statistics, and other quantitative courses, are an essential part of general education and training in many elds. However, these courses routinely lead to stress and anxiety in many students. Students often turn to substance use to manage feelings of stress and anxiety, which has major public health concerns due to the short-term and long-term risks of substance use. This thesis explored the relationship between quantitative anxiety, general forms of anxiety, and alcohol use during the semester in which students were enrolled in an introductory quantitative methods course. Model training using the Spring 2018 data (n = 119) suggested a nal model of general anxiety, quantitative anxiety, time, an anxiety by time interaction, and random intercepts, where quantitative anxiety and general anxiety were both positive predictors of alcohol use. The R2 value for the fixed effects was 0.12, and for the fixed and random effects was 0.65. The model was tested on a second independent sample (from Fall 2017, n = 19) where the mean squared error was 0.38, suggesting the model performed well in a second sample as the error term was close to zero. Examination of mean trajectory plots of the predicted versus actual values for alcohol use in the Fall 2017 dataset showed the model did well predicting some but not all patterns of change. These ndings were further con- rmed by tting a piecewise latent growth curve model to the Spring 2018 dataset, which showed great t to the data. The results of this study suggest that quantitative anxiety is positive predictor of alcohol use even when taking into account general forms of anxiety. While this study does have several limitations, the results merit further investigation to explore the relationship between quantitative attitudes and substance use. Future studies should aim to replicate the ndings of the current study while addressing the limitations, and assess if quantitative attitudes are related to the use of other substances common on college campuses.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Don, Prabhani Kuruppmullage
Commitee: Buchanan, Ashley L., Harlow, Lisa L., Wu, Jing
School: University of Rhode Island
Department: Statistics
School Location: United States -- Rhode Island
Source: MAI 58/01M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Statistics
Keywords: Alcohol, Anxiety, Statistics, Stress
Publication Number: 10842412
ISBN: 978-0-438-26202-7
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