Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A Study of Teachers' and Principals' Beliefs about Leadership Behaviors in Relation to School Performance
by Matson, Brigette D., D.Ed., Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 2018, 172; 10840434
Abstract (Summary)

Schools with similar demographics have varying school performance; these differences exist among schools across Western Pennsylvania. Questions remain as to why some schools perform at higher levels than other schools in similar regions. Some researchers posit that leadership practices in different schools may influence student learning and school performance.

The purpose of this study was to research the relationship between teachers’ and principals’ beliefs about the extent to which leadership practices influence school performance for high-, low-, and middle-level performing schools. This study examined how leadership practices are perceived by teachers and principals to influence school performance.

The beliefs of teachers and principals in regard to leadership behaviors were not assumed to reflect documented leadership behaviors within their schools. Teachers’ and principals’ perceptions about the extent to which they believe particular leadership practices influence school performance were collected and analyzed. Teachers and principals were asked to complete a survey to rate how much they believe certain leadership practices influence school performance. The results of the teachers’ and principals’ perceptions of leadership practices for how those leadership practices influence school performance were correlated to School Performance Profiles to see if relationships exist. Similarities as well as differences among higher, middle, and lower performing schools were also examined.

The results of this study do not determine causation, but the information gathered does reveal that differences and relationships exist between teachers and principals in terms of how much they believe certain leadership practices influence school performance. Principals tend to see challenging teachers’ past beliefs about their work and assumptions about students as a more influential leadership practice concerning school performance. Treating teachers as individuals with unique needs and areas of expertise is associated with higher performing schools, and Communicating a shared vision with excitement about what can be accomplished through team work is associated with lower performing schools. While both teachers and principals feel that Providing Individual Support is important, only principals believe that Building Vision is important. The results of this study lead to the conclusion that school leaders cannot focus on building vision alone if they wish to improve the school performance; they must provide teachers with the necessary support they need to gain confidence in their ability to reach the goals within the vision.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Piper, David M.
Commitee: Fennimore, Beatrice S., Rieg, Sue
School: Indiana University of Pennsylvania
Department: Professional Studies in Education
School Location: United States -- Pennsylvania
Source: DAI-A 79/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Source Type: DISSERTATION
Subjects: Educational evaluation, Educational leadership, Educational administration
Keywords: Educaton, Leadership, Perception, Principals, School performance, Teachers
Publication Number: 10840434
ISBN: 9780438270862
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