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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Diagnostic Value of Dynamic Ultrasound in Supination-External Rotation Injuries
by Fisher, Cara L., Ph.D., University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth, 2018, 168; 10843097
Abstract (Summary)

Diagnostic Value of Dynamic Ultrasound Evaluation of Supination-External Rotation Ankle Injuries. Doctor of Philosophy (Biomedical Sciences), July, 2018, 157pp., 8 tables, 70 figures, references, 78 titles Ankle syndesmosis injuries are common and range in severity from subclinical to grossly unstable. Definitive diagnosis of these injuries can be made with plain film radiographs if the injury is severe enough, but often is missed when severity or image quality is low. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can provide early definitive diagnosis regardless of severity, but are costly and introduce the patient to radiation when CT is used. Ultrasound diagnosis may circumvent many of these disadvantages by being inexpensive, efficient, and able to detect subtle injuries without radiation exposure. This study evaluates the ability of ultrasound to detect subtle supination-external rotation (SER) ankle syndesmosis injuries with a dynamic external rotational stress test.

Nine all male fresh frozen specimens were secured to an ankle rig and stress tested to 10 Nm of external rotational torque with ultrasound monitoring at the tibiofibular clear space. The ankles were subjected to syndesmosis ligament sectioning and repeat stress measurements of the tibiofibular clear space at peak torque. Stress tests and measurements were repeated three times and averaged. Data was analyzed using a two-way repeated measures ANOVA.

Ankle Phases Examined: 1. Normal (baseline). 2. 75% of anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (AITFL) cut. 3. 100% of AITFL cut. 4. Fibula fracture (Fx)—cut 8 cm proximal to lateral malleolus. 5. 75% posterior inferior tibiofibular ligament (PITFL) cut. 6. 100% PITFL cut.

Dynamic external rotation stress evaluation using ultrasound was able to detect a significant difference between the uninjured ankle tibiofibular clear space of 4.5 mm and the injured ankle with 100% of anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament cut 6.0 mm. Additionally, this method was able to detect significant differences between the uninjured ankle and the injured states. Dynamic external rotational stress evaluation using ultrasound was able to detect stage 1 Lauge-Hansen SER injuries with statistical significance and corroborates criteria for diagnosing a syndesmosis injury at ≥ 6.0 mm of tibiofibular clear space widening.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Reeves, Rustin E.
Commitee: Berg, Rance, Maddux, Scott, Rosales, Armando, Wood, Addison R.
School: University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth
Department: Biomedical Sciences
School Location: United States -- Texas
Source: DAI-B 79/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Medical imaging, Biomechanics
Keywords: Ankle, Ankle fracture, Syndesmosis, Ultrasound
Publication Number: 10843097
ISBN: 978-0-438-22731-6
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