Research reflects a high rate of attrition among professional nurses (Lo, 2002; Shniper, 2005; Tully, 2004) and also supports that nurses experience significant occupational stress (McGrath, Reid, & Boore, 2003; Payne, 2001; Tully, 2004). While there is not enough data to establish a causative link between occupational stress and the high rate of attrition among nurses, there is at the least anecdotal support for a strong connection. The current study explored the coping strategies and methods utilized by nurses who have remained in the profession for at least ten continuous years in a critical care setting. It appears that these experienced nurses have developed ways of coping that have facilitated sustained practice in the nursing profession. Five major occupational stressors have been identified and the nurses’ strategies and styles for coping with these stressors were explored from the subjective perception of the nurse participants, through in-depth interviews. The results demonstrated that experienced nurses have developed a wide variety of adaptive coping strategies to mitigate the effects of these five major stressors. Further, the data collected demonstrated that experienced nurses rarely employed maladaptive or avoidant coping strategies.
|Commitee:||Lax, William, Ossege, Jennifer, Scott, Jennifer L.|
|School:||Union Institute and University|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Nursing, Clinical psychology, Occupational psychology|
|Keywords:||Burnout, Coping, Critical care, Nursing, Occupational stress, Stress|
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