Student retention, the practice of having a student repeat a grade level of schooling due to low academic performance or delayed behavioral and social development, is a common yet controversial educational practice in the United States. Extensive literature exists on the effects of retention on students’ academic outcomes, socialization, and self-esteem, but with mixed results. The perceptions of teachers and principals on the practice of retention have also been studied. Even though many school districts have policies stating that decisions on retaining students at the elementary level are made by teachers and parents/guardians, the perceptions of parents/guardians as compared to teachers on the practice of retention has not been thoroughly examined. This mixed methods study collected quantitative and qualitative data on the perceptions of teachers and parents/guardians on student retention through an established survey and through personal interviews. The study revealed that there are significant differences in the perceptions of parents/guardians as compared to teachers on when retention is appropriate for students. There are also differences in what teachers and parents/guardians identify as factors to consider for recommending retention and their long-term concerns for students when considering retention. Revealing these differences and understanding that both parties have an overall concern for the well-being of the student will help to bridge the communication gap between teachers and parents/guardians and guide them toward making collaborative decisions for students. Although this study is a first step toward this understanding and collaboration, there are many factors involved in making decisions on student retention, so these findings will require further research.
|Commitee:||Dufalla, Ronald W., Hagle, Holly|
|School:||Point Park University|
|Department:||Leadership and Administration|
|School Location:||United States -- Pennsylvania|
|Source:||DAI-A 79/12(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Education, Early childhood education, Elementary education|
|Keywords:||Grade retention, Parent perceptions, Primary grades, Teacher perceptions|
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