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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

A Comparative Analysis of Competency-Based versus Traditional Assessment with Respect to Academic Performance and Feedback Processes
by Motsenbocker, Pamela S., Ed.D., Concordia University Chicago, 2018, 119; 10747435
Abstract (Summary)

The purpose of this study was to compare the traditional grading and feedback systems used in most classrooms to a competency-based grading and feedback system. The traditional system used the familiar grading system of A, B, C, D and F applied to assignments. The competency model was based on providing students formative and summative feedback regarding their achievement toward proficiency of specific skills and concepts.

This quasi-experimental action research study had a control group and an intervention group comprised of general education and special education sixth grade students in language arts classes. Quantitative data in the form of student achievement scores and student survey responses was analyzed. Qualitative data in the form of teacher interview responses was analyzed.

Overall there was no statistically significant change in the MAP reading scores between the control and intervention group. However, when the variables of time, group and gender from an ANOVA were analyzed, the males in the intervention group showed a statically significant increase in achievement. This achievement was regardless if the male was an IEP or non-IEP student. Overall, the results do not show that either the control or intervention group sees the feedback as effective. However, the results of the girls’ responses in the control group were statistically significant. The girls in the control group did see the provided feedback as effective. The teachers’ interview responses provided three main themes, which included students applied feedback more in the competency-based classroom than in the traditional classroom. Both teachers used the feedback to adjust curriculum and instruction. Additionally, the intervention teacher pointed out that more time is needed to help students apply the competency-based system.

Based on this study, the first recommendation is to implement competency-based grading and feedback processes. The second recommendation is that formative and summative feedback processes based on proficiencies be implemented to assists students in identifying their understanding of and performance on skills and concepts. Recommendations for future studies include having a larger sample size and continuing the study for a longer period of time.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Warwick, Ronald
Commitee: Perney, Jan, Sims, Paul
School: Concordia University Chicago
Department: Educational Leadership
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: DAI-A 79/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Educational evaluation, Middle School education
Keywords: 6th grade language arts, Assessment, Feedback, Standards based grading
Publication Number: 10747435
ISBN: 978-0-438-17991-2
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