Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Segregation, Turnover, and Neighborhood Connections: Assessing The Role of Family Structure
by Wynn, Colleen E., Ph.D., State University of New York at Albany, 2018, 364; 10830906
Abstract (Summary)

The main objective of this dissertation is to examine patterns of residential segregation, housing turnover, and neighborhood connection by race/ethnicity and family structure. Only two studies have examined residential outcomes by family structure, and both of these studies have focused on residential segregation and use cross-sectional data from the 2000 Decennial Census (Iceland et al. 2010; Marsh and Iceland 2010). In order to address these limitations, the current study asks two main research questions, (1) does family structure have a relationship with residential outcomes (residential segregation, housing turnover, and neighborhood connection) over and above race/ethnicity? And (2) does family structure have a relationship with residential outcomes (residential segregation, housing turnover, and neighborhood connection) in conjunction with race/ethnicity?

To address these questions, I perform three sets of analyses. The first uses the 1990, 2000, and 2010 Decennial Census data and 2006–2010 American Community Survey (ACS) data drawn from the Neighborhood Change Database (NCDB) and the National Historical Geographic Information System (NHGIS) to examine residential segregation between white, black, and Hispanic married-couple and female-headed families conducting Theil’s H and isolation index analyses. In addition to these aggregate-level segregation analyses, my dissertation examines segregation at the micro-level by exploring patterns of housing turnover for 12 family types, white, black, and Hispanic two-parent, female-headed, SALA, and extended family households using the 2007 to 2011 panels of the American Housing Survey (AHS). These analyses allow me to explore micro-level change that may take place even as aggregate-level segregation analyses remain consistent. Finally, my analyses consider the context in which families live by exploring neighborhood connection variation for families between white, black, and Hispanic married-couple, female-headed, SALA, cohabiting-couple, and extended-family households in the 2013 AHS. These analyses conceptualize neighborhood connection as collective efficacy (measures of social cohesion and social control).

Overall, I find race/ethnicity to be the most salient factor in predicting residential outcomes, but that family structure plays an important role and should be considered in future analyses. My results suggest white married-couple families are most advantaged in the housing market, and that they likely use this relative advantage to access the “best” neighborhoods and may be restricting the access of other white family types as well as minority families. This self- segregation by white married-couple families, in conjunction with an avoidance of black female- headed families, maintains residential segregation, constrains housing turnover to generally “like” households (those of the same race/ethnicity and family structure), and results in variation in neighborhood connection with white married-couple families having relatively greater social cohesion, and black female-headed families having the lowest social cohesion scores.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Friedman, Samantha
Commitee: Trent, Katherine, Yang, Tse-Chuan
School: State University of New York at Albany
Department: Sociology
School Location: United States -- New York
Source: DAI-A 79/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Sociology, Individual & family studies, Ethnic studies
Keywords: Family structure, Housing turnover, Neighborhood collective efficacy, Race/ethnicity, Residential outcomes, Residential segregation
Publication Number: 10830906
ISBN: 978-0-438-12292-5
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