Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Clustering of Large-Scale Protein Datasets
by Abnousi, Armen, Ph.D., Washington State University, 2018, 118; 10641432
Abstract (Summary)

Identifying similar proteins and grouping them accordingly is the operation generally known as protein clustering. This operation is essential to the prediction of protein function and structure. In this dissertation, we present a novel approach for protein clustering based on amino acid sequences of proteins. Our work consists of two main components: (1) detection of conserved regions within protein sequences and (2) grouping of these conserved regions based on their estimated similarity.

For the detection of conserved regions we have developed the Non-Alignment Domain Detection Algorithm, NADDA, which uses random subspace ensemble methods on protein profiles, extracting features based on repeated short subsequences in the proteins. We have achieved up to 76% accuracy for some sets in prediction of conserved indices on our example data sets when compared to domain annotations by Pfam.

For the clustering of conserved regions we are using a min-wise independent hashing method (shingling). We show that our method generates results comparable to existing known clusters. In particular, we show that the clusters generated by our algorithm capture the subfamilies of the Pfam domain families for which the sequences in a cluster have a similar domain architecture. In addition, we show that for an example randomly selected data set, the clusters generated by our algorithm give a 75% average weighted F1 score, our accuracy metric, when compared to the clusters generated by a semi-exhaustive pairwise alignment algorithm, pClust. Both of our presented methods are alignment-free and based on independent operations on small subsequences from the input data set. This has allowed us to extensively use the power of the MapReduce framework to parallelize our algorithms. A MapReduce implementation of both is made publicly available.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Broschat, Shira L.
Commitee: Brayton, Kelly, Kalyanaraman, Ananth, Wu, Yinghui
School: Washington State University
Department: Computer Science
School Location: United States -- Washington
Source: DAI-B 79/11(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Subjects: Bioinformatics
Keywords: Clustering, Protein, Protein conserved region
Publication Number: 10641432
ISBN: 978-0-438-10359-7
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