Individual trauma experiences can potentially lead to negative emotional and behavioral outcomes. In this study, the author explored whether the presence of trauma changed the direction or magnitude of the relationship between risky sexual behaviors (unprotected sex, sex with stranger, sex with drinking) and clinical symptoms, and whether such correlations are impacted by gender and ethnicity. The hypotheses proposed that each of the independent variables (depression, self-esteem, gender, and ethnicity) would be predictors of the dependent variable (risky sexual behaviors), such that having greater depression, having lower self-esteem, being female, and being an ethnic minority would predict a higher incidence of risky sexual behaviors, and that the level of trauma would moderate the relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable. Findings showed that lower self-esteem was associated with a higher incidence of risky sexual behaviors, supporting one of the hypotheses. Contrary to the expected direction, males and White participants engaged in greater risky sexual behaviors compared to female and minority participants. Additionally, there was no moderation of trauma impacting risky sexual behaviors and the independent variables. The discrepancies between past and current findings may be due to varied definitions of risky sexual behaviors, effects of different types of trauma, and other clinical symptoms impacting behaviors. Future research should focus on trauma beyond college samples, verifying self-reported risky sexual behaviors, and exploring possible cultural features and protective factors that lower future risk for trauma survivors.
|Advisor:||Bui, Ngoc H.|
|Commitee:||Martin, Luci A., Vosvick, Mark|
|School:||University of La Verne|
|Department:||College of Arts and Sciences|
|School Location:||United States -- California|
|Source:||DAI-B 79/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Subjects:||Psychology, Clinical psychology|
|Keywords:||Impulsivity, Risky sexual behaviors, Trauma, Trauma symptoms|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be