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Dissertation/Thesis Abstract

Comparing the Effectiveness of an Abbreviated Relaxation Skills Intervention, Compassion Meditation Intervention, and an Active Control on Improving Well-being
by Belgard, Jenna R., M.S., Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville, 2018, 73; 10807918
Abstract (Summary)

This study evaluated and compared the effectiveness of a single session abbreviated relaxation skills intervention (RSI), compassion meditation intervention (CMI), and an active control group involving mind juggling (MJ). The RSI and CMI were adapted from longer programs (Jewell & Elliff, 2013; Jewell, 2017). The groups consisted of one 30-minute session involving education and practice of skills. Design included pre-intervention, post-intervention, and 2-week follow-up. Participants consisted of 56 freshman undergraduate students from Introductory Psychology courses who were under the age of 20. Measures assessed perceived relaxation, somatization, depression, anxiety, happiness, intervention integrity, amount of practice, treatment acceptability, and current emotions of anger and anxiety as well as the ability to control one’s anger currently and in the future. Results indicated that there were significant changes in scores from pre-intervention to post-intervention on the Anger and Coping Questionnaire, Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) Somatization Symptom Scale, BSI Anxiety Symptom Scale, and BSI Depression Symptom Scale, while the only scores that changed significantly form pre-intervention to follow-up were on the BSI Somatization Symptom Scale. None of the significant changes that were found differed significantly by group, indicating that all groups (CMI, RSI, and MJ active control) changed similarly when significant changes occurred on measures.

Indexing (document details)
Advisor: Jewell, Jeremy D.
Commitee: Hupp, Stephen D., Meinz, Elizabeth J.
School: Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville
Department: Psychology
School Location: United States -- Illinois
Source: MAI 57/06M(E), Masters Abstracts International
Subjects: Occupational Therapy
Keywords: Compassion meditation, Loving-kindness meditation, Mind juggling, Relaxation skills, Stress
Publication Number: 10807918
ISBN: 978-0-438-03519-5
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