Contemporary philosophical thinking about the emotions largely centers around two distinct approaches. Some philosophers conceive of the emotions as primarily physiological phenomena–as reflex-like responses that are best understood through biology or the neurosciences. Other philosophers approach the emotions as primarily cognitive phenomena–as complexes of beliefs and attitudes that are best understood through the social sciences or through philosophical analysis.
I narrow the gap between physiological approaches and cognitive approaches to understanding the emotions by focusing on how the physiological aspects of the emotions and the cognitive aspects of the emotions interact throughout the course of an emotional episode. I have done this by taking the labeling process, first described by psychologist Stanley Schachter (1962), as crucial for understanding the emotions. On this view, an emotion is a function of a state of physiological arousal and the process of interpreting and describing that state of arousal using an emotional term, such as happiness, anger, jealousy, or indignation.
In this dissertation, I examine Stanley Schachter's original formulation of the idea of the labeling process and I critically evaluate the well-known Schachter and Singer experiment. I also examine the historical background and the reception of Schachter's theory. I consider Schachter's theory in light of current research and demonstrate that Schachter's theory leads to novel solutions to problems facing current research. Finally, I elucidate some of the concepts which are fundamental to Schachter's framework and I respond to important objections.
|School:||University of Cincinnati|
|Department:||Arts and Sciences : Philosophy|
|School Location:||United States -- Ohio|
|Source:||DAI-A 79/10(E), Dissertation Abstracts International|
|Keywords:||Emotion, Labeling process, Schachter|
Copyright in each Dissertation and Thesis is retained by the author. All Rights Reserved
The supplemental file or files you are about to download were provided to ProQuest by the author as part of a
dissertation or thesis. The supplemental files are provided "AS IS" without warranty. ProQuest is not responsible for the
content, format or impact on the supplemental file(s) on our system. in some cases, the file type may be unknown or
may be a .exe file. We recommend caution as you open such files.
Copyright of the original materials contained in the supplemental file is retained by the author and your access to the
supplemental files is subject to the ProQuest Terms and Conditions of use.
Depending on the size of the file(s) you are downloading, the system may take some time to download them. Please be